Membrane bioreactor (MBR) is the combination of a membrane process like microfiltration or ultrafiltration with a biological wastewater treatment process, the activated sludge process.
The Solid-liquid separation is achieved by Microfiltration (MF) or Ultra filtration (UF) membranes. A membrane is used to separate components of fluids on the basis of their relative size. The capability of a membrane to allow transport of only specific compounds is called semi-permeability. This is a physical process, where separated components remain chemically unchanged. Components that pass through membrane pores are called permeate, while rejected ones form concentrate or retentate. cess)